Editor-in-Chief & Publisher: MIR JAVED RAHMAN


Major Leaguer
Michelle Obama


Issue Date 05 - 11 Aug, 2017 at 2:00 PM

Michelle Obama

Michelle Obama is the wife of former U.S. President Barack Obama and was the first African-American first lady of the United States. Prior to her role as first lady, she was a lawyer, Chicago city administrator and community-outreach worker. Born in Chicago, she attended Princeton University, graduating cum laude in 1985 with a B.A. in Sociology, and went on to earn a degree from Harvard Law School in 1988. After graduating from Harvard, she worked at a Chicago law firm, where she met her husband, Barack Obama. The couple married on October 3, 1992.
In 1991, Michelle decided to leave corporate law and pursue a career in public service, working as an assistant to Mayor Richard Daley and then as the assistant commissioner of planning and development for the City of Chicago. In 1993, she became executive director for the Chicago office of Public Allies, a nonprofit leadership-training program that helped young adults develop skills for future careers in the public sector. In 1996, Michelle joined the University of Chicago as associate dean of student services, developing the school’s first community-service program. Beginning in 2002, she worked for the University of Chicago Hospitals, as executive director of community relations and external affairs.
In May 2005, Michelle was appointed vice president for community and external affairs at the University of Chicago Medical Center, where she continued to work part-time until shortly before her husband's inauguration as president. She also served as a board member for the prestigious Chicago Council on Global Affairs.
In 2007, Michelle scaled back her own professional work to attend to family and campaign obligations during Barack's run for the Democratic presidential nomination. Obama eventually won the nomination and was elected the 44th President of the United States. He was sworn in on January 20, 2009. As first lady, she focused her attention on the social issues, such as poverty, healthy living and education.


Bosphorus Strait

Ancient Routes
Bosphorus Strait

One of the world’s most strategic waterways, the Bosphorus strait unites the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara and separates parts of Asian Turkey (Anatolia) from European Turkey. The strait is 19 miles long, with a maximum width of 2.3 miles at the northern entrance and a minimum width of 2,450 feet between the Ottoman fortifications of Rumelihisar and Anadoluhisar. Its depth varies from 120 to 408 feet in midstream. The Bosporus is heavily fished, since the channel is a seasonal migration route for fish to and from the Black Sea.
Because of the strait’s strategic importance for the defense of Constantinople (Istanbul), straddling the southern end of the strait, the Byzantine emperors and later the Ottoman sultans constructed fortifications along its shores, especially on the European side. Two noteworthy examples are the castles of Anadoluhisar, which was constructed on the Asian shore by Bayezid I in 1390–91, and Rumelihisar, built directly across the strait by Mehmed II in 1452. An international commission assumed control of the strait after the Ottoman defeat in World War I. Turkey resumed control in 1936.
Two bridges have been built across the strait. The first, the Bo•aziçi (Bosporus I) Bridge, was completed in 1973 and has a main span of 3,524 feet. The second bridge, the Fatih Sultan Mehmed (Bosporus II), was completed in 1988 and has a main span of 3,576 feet. A rail tunnel under the Bosporus opened in 2013.
One of the world’s most strategic waterways, Bosphorus is the strait between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara; it is an inundated valley that follows an irregular northeast-southwest course 32 km long, 730-3300 meters wide, 30-120 meters deep.

Bosphorus Strait

WEEK IN HISTORY

05 August, 1962: Film star Marilyn Monroe died at age 36 from an overdose of sleeping pills. She made 29 films during her career and came to symbolize Hollywood glamour.

WEEK IN HISTORY

06 August, 1962: Jamaica achieved independence after centuries of British and Spanish rule. 

07 August, 1981: The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.

08 August, 1509: The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya was crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire in Southern India.

09 August, 1965: Singapore separates from the Federation of Malaysia and gains its independence

10 August, 1997: The last British troops left Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island was returned to China.

11 August, 1929: Babe Ruth hit his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first professional baseball player to hit 500 homers.

 

 

 


Malbork Castle

Vantage Point
Malbork Castle

Located in the north of Poland, on the east bank of the River Nogat, The Malbork Castle is the most complete and elaborate example of a Gothic brick-built castle complex in the characteristic and unique style of the Teutonic Order. The spectacular fortress bears witness to the phenomenon of the Teutonic Order state in Prussia. The castle-convent embodies the drama of late medieval Christianity, straining between extremes of sanctity and violence.
The Castle is an architectural work of unique character. It also provides perfect evidence of the evolution of modern philosophy and practice in the field of restoration and conservation and is a historic monument to conservation itself, both in its social aspect and as a scientific and artistic discipline. The Castle is a symbol of power and cultural tradition and is the most important monument to the monastic state of the Teutonic Order, a unique phenomenon in the history of Western civilization.
The boundaries of the castle encompass a tripartite layout comprising the High Castle, the Middle Castle, and the Outer Bailey, each clearly delineated while at the same time integrally interconnected.
The most important among the important buildings of the castle are two masterpieces of Gothic architecture: the Grand Masters’ Palace and the Great Refectory in the Middle Castle. The remaining elements of the castle complex were largely reconstructed during works carried out at the turn of the 19th and early 20th centuries and after the Second World War.

Malbork Castle

It

Timeless Classics
It

This quintessential Stephen King horror story explores childhood terrors and trauma, and their enduring impact in the lives of their victims. The story is set in the fictional US town of Derry, Maine, initially in 1958 and later in 1985. The story begins when a band of seven ‘uncool’ 11-year-olds, led by Bill Denbrough, discovers and battles an evil, shape-changing monster named by the children as ‘It’. It attacks every 27 years, taking on a variety of terrifying guises, but predominantly that of the clown Pennywise, and committing appalling acts. One of which is the killing of Bill’s six-year-old brother George.
The children believe that they have destroyed It, but make a pact to come together again should It return. Lo and behold in 1985 the cycle of destruction begins again. The story continues as the now-adult gang once again set out to destroy It.
Written in King’s characteristic conversational style, and set in an everyday world familiar to his readers, this powerful story has three threads. The first is the gang as children in 1958, the second as adults in 1985; and interleaved between the two are vignettes about the individuals and their life journeys. It marks King’s transition into fantasy fiction but remains overt, no-holds-barred horror at its absolute best.

 

 


Federal Republic of Germany

FLAG
Federal Republic of Germany

Black and gold were colours associated with the first German Empire which collapsed in 1806, and they were used together with the red from the uniforms of soldiers who fought in campaigns against Napoleon. The colours, arranged horizontally in a tricolour, were used as a rallying banner by those seeking unification of the German states. The tricolour was first adopted in 1848, the year of revolutions in Europe, but the process of unification suffered setbacks, and the flag was not officially sanctioned after 1849. The black, white and red of Prussia was the first flag of a united Germany, but in 1919 the black, red and gold tricolour was readopted by the Weimar government. It was abolished by Adolf Hitler when he came to power in 1933, being officially readopted only in 1949. The state flag carries arms of a black eagle on a gold shield, set slightly towards the hoist. Each province of Germany has its own flag.


Money

QUIZ
Money

1. Who designed America’s first U.S. penny in 1787?
2. Who were the first people to stamp the image of a living person on a coin?
3. Who were the first people to use ingots, the first form of metal money? 
4. Who was the first American to be pictured on an American coin in 1909? 
5. Who signed the first note of 1, 5, 10 and 100 Rupee printed in 1948 by Government of Pakistan? Signed by Governor Mohammad Ayub.
6. What was the first coin of Pakistani Rupee made of in 1948?
7. Why do coins have ridges?
8. Which country created the world’s first paper money?
9. When were the first European banknotes issued?
10. Who was the first lady to be cast on a U.S. coin in 1893?

Last week’s answers:
1. Eterna
2. 1970s
3. Seiko Astron
4. G-Shock
5. Yacht timer or Sailing watch
6. Louis Moinet
7. Tissot
8. Tissot
9. Patek Philippe
10. Emile Borer





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