Editor-in-Chief & Publisher: MIR JAVED RAHMAN


Major Leaguer
Sundar Pichai


Issue Date 08 - 14 Apr, 2017 at 2:00 PM

Sundar Pichai

Indian from origin, Pichai Sundararajan joined Google in 2004 and became the CEO in August 2015. He is best known as the mastermind behind the launch of the Chrome browser, which eventually became the No. 1 browser in the world, surpassing competitors such as Internet Explorer and Firefox.
Pichai studied metallurgical engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur. His success there won him a scholarship to Stanford. After earning his MS from Stanford, he went to the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School for his MBA. Before Google, he had stints at Applied Materials and consulting firm McKinsey & Co.
Pichai interviewed at the Googleplex in 2004 and joined the company as a product manager.
He, initially, worked on Google’s search toolbar as a part of a small team. The toolbar gave users of Internet Explorer and Firefox easy access to Google search. Following the success of Google’s toolbar, Pichai got the idea of developing Google’s own browser. He discussed his idea with his seniors and faced an objection from the then-CEO Eric Schmidt, who thought that developing a browser would be too expensive. Pichai persevered and convinced the co-founders of Google, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, to launch company’s own browser. Pichai played a fundamental role in the ultimate launch of Google Chrome in 2008.
The Chrome also paved the way for a series of other important products like Chrome OS, Chromebooks, and Chromecast. The phenomenal success of Chrome, Pichai became an international figure. Pichai was promoted to Vice President of product development in 2008 and continued rising up the ranks in the company. He had become the Senior Vice President of Chrome and apps by 2012. His influence continued to increase and he was made the Product Chief in October 2014.
In 2015, Google formed a company, Alphabet Inc., to serve as a holding company and conglomerate to own the subsidiaries that were previously owned by Google. On 10 August 2015, Sundar Pichai was named the new CEO of Google.
The following year, he was awarded 273,328 shares of Google's holding company Alphabet, which led to a rise in his net worth. These shares were worth $199 million, and this took his holdings up to $650 million.


The Atlantic Road

Ancient Routes
The Atlantic Road

Located in the midwest part of the Norwegian coastline, the Atlantic Road is one of the most scenic drives in the world. It is one of Norway’s most visited tourist destinations and was the winner of the “Engineering Feat of the Century” prize in 2005. This unique highway is part of Norwegian national road 64 (Rv 64). It dips and arches over the brutal waves of the Norwegian Sea that often crash over the pavement during storms. The construction of the road started on August 1983 and it took six years to finish, the area was hit by 12 hurricanes during construction.
The Atlantic is an 8.3 kilometre section of Country Road 64 which runs between the towns of Kristiansund and Molde, the two main population centres in the county of More og Romsdal in Fjord, Norway. It starts approximately 30 kilometres southwest of Kristiansund and ends 47 kilometres north of Molde. The road has been designated a Cultural Heritage Site, a National Tourist Route, and has been recognised as the Norwegian Construction of the Century.
The construction of the road started on August 1983 and the construction took six years. It was opened on July 7, 1989 and since June 26, 1999 the road has been toll-free. The spectacular road is built on several small islands, which are connected by several causeways, viaducts and eight bridges.

WEEK IN HISTORY

08 April, 1975: Frank Robinson of the Cleveland Indians became the first black manager of a major league baseball team.

09 April, 1770: Captain James Cook discovered Botany Bay on the Australian continent.

WEEK IN HISTORY

10 April, 1998: Politicians in Northern Ireland reached an agreement aimed at ending 30 years of violence which had claimed over 3,400 lives. Under the agreement, Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland would govern together in a new 108-member Belfast assembly, thus ending 26 years of 'direct rule' from London.

11 April, 1970:  Apollo 13 was launched from Cape Kennedy at 2:13 p.m. Fifty-six hours into the flight an oxygen tank exploded in the service module. Swigert, James A. Lovell and Fred W. Haise then transferred into the lunar module, using it as a lifeboat and began a perilous return trip to Earth, splashing down safely on April 17th.

12 April, 1911: Pierre Prier completed the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and 56 minutes.

13 April, 1868: Abyssinian War ended as British and Indian troops captured Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor committed suicide.

14 April, 1983: Abraham Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded while watching a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford's Theater in Washington. He was taken to a nearby house where he died the following morning.


The Tower of London

Vantage Point
The Tower of London

The Tower of London was found nearly a millennium ago and has been expanded upon over the centuries by many kings and queens. Its buildings and grounds served historically as a royal palace, a political prison, a place of execution, an arsenal, a royal mint, a menagerie, and a public records office.
In 1078, the first foundations of the castle were laid and since then it has been constantly improved and extended. William the Conqueror built the White Tower in 1066 as a demonstration of Norman power, siting it strategically on the River Thames to act as both fortress and gateway to the capital. The site upon which William chose to build his fortress was the very same site upon which Claudius, the Roman Emperor, had built a fortress more than a thousand years before that and traces of the Roman wall are still seen within the Tower grounds.
The Tower was originally a simple timber and stone enclosure. The enclosure then received a structure of stone, which came to be called The Great Tower and eventually The White Tower, as we know it today. Other smaller towers, extra buildings, walls and walkways, were gradually added to the structure and it transformed the original building into the splendid example of castle, fortress, prison, palace and finally museum that we enjoy today.
When King Henry III made the Tower of London his home in 1240, he whitewashed the tower, widened the grounds to include a church, and added a great hall and other buildings. King after king built upon the Tower adding walls and smaller towers (thirteen inner and six outer) and finally encircling it was a moat whose water was delivered by the Thames River.
A residential palace and fortress suited for a king or queen, the Tower of London became the perfect all-purpose complex. Officially known as 'Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London’, it houses the Crown Jewels and is keeper to the Royal Ravens. The fortress was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988.


Ways to Say ‘Hello’ in different languages

Word Play
Ways to Say ‘Hello’ in different languages

Hola
In Spain, the most common form of greeting is 'hola', however there is also a more formal variation of the word hello which is 'diga'. This is often used more in formal situations such as phone calls or interviews, where people don't know the person they are talking to.

Ciao
In Italy, the most common greeting phrase is 'ciao'. Another Italian greeting is 'salve', which means 'hello'.

YeIa
In mainland Greece, Cyprus and the Greek Islands such as Crete, people greet each other by saying ‘•’. However another, more formal way to say hello in Greek is ‘•’.

Bonjour
In France and other French speaking countries such as Canada, Belgium and, Luxembourg, 'Bonjour' is the main way to greet another person. Another way to say hello in French is 'salut', which is slightly more informal and used in situations where people in conversation know each other.

Hej
In Denmark, residents greet each other using the word 'hej' which translates into 'hello' in English. Another slightly more casual way in Danish is 'goddag' which can also be translated into 'good afternoon' and 'good day'.

Haloo
In Finnish speaking countries, 'hello' is translated into 'haloo', which is used to greet people in that country. This language is used in Finland, and in small minorities in Russia and Sweden.

Privet [•]
The Russian translation for 'hello' is ‘•’, which is used for a greeting in Russia and other Russian speaking countries like those of the former Soviet Union such as Latvia, Estonia and Georgia.

Wèi [•]
In Chinese, 'hello' translates into ‘•[wèi]’, which is used in China and other Chinese speaking countries like Singapore. Also, a more causal greeting in China is ‘•’, which translates into 'how are you?' as well as 'hello'.

Jambo
In Swahili, the translation of 'hello' is 'jambo', and this is used as a greeting in many African countries such as Kenya and Tanzania.

Sawasdee [•]
Th official language of Thailand is Thai, which is closely related to languages found in Burma, southern China and northern Vietnam. In Thai, 'hello' translates into ‘•’.

Konichiwa
In Japan, when greeting each other people say 'konichiwa' which can also mean 'good day'.


Commonwealth of Dominica

FLAG
Commonwealth of Dominica

The sisserou parrot, which stands in the centre of the national flag of Dominica, is the country’s national bird and is unique to the island; it is symbolic of high national aspirations. It is surrounded by 10 green stars, which stand for the island’s 10 parishes. The parrot and stars are set in a red roundel which signifies the national commitment to social justice. The central motif appears on a cross of yellow, black and white, the three strands representing the Holy Trinity, while the colours themselves represent: sunshine, agriculture and the native peoples of the island (yellow); the purity of the people’s aspirations, and of local water (white); and the soil and the people’s African heritage (black). The flag’s field is green, symbolising the lush vegetation of the island.


Ear

QUIZ
Ear

1. In addition to hearing, what other function does the ear perform?
2. Name the three auditory ossicles (tiny bones) found in the middle ear.
3. At what speed does the sound travel?
4. Which part of the ear helps equalise pressure and drain mucus?
5. What is the spiral shaped hearing organ found in inner ear called?
6. How many hair cells that are responsible for receiving sound waves and turning them into hearing exist in the average cochlea?
7. What marks the border between the outer ear and middle ear?
8. The part of the cochlea that touches these hair cells and the membrane is filled with a special fluid. What is the fluid called? 
9. What is the division of nerves, which run throughout the middle and connects the undergo buds on the face of the tongue to the brain, called?
10. Name the three parts outer ear is composed of.

Last week’s answers:
1. China
2. Thomas Sullivan
3. Camellia Sinensis
4. Shen Nung
5. Tasseography
6. Medicinal tonic
7. 1500
8. $3000 per kilo
9. 4 to 5
10. Black tea





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