January 14, 2004: The Republic of Georgia restored the “five cross flag” as its national flag after 500 years of disuse.
January 15, 1991: Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II approved Australia instituting its own Victoria Cross honors system, the first county in the British Commonwealth permitted to do so.
January 16, 1991: The war against Iraq began as Allied aircraft conducted a major raid against Iraqi air defenses. The air raid on Baghdad was broadcast live to a global audience by CNN correspondents as operation Desert Shield became Desert Storm.
January 17, 1773: The ship Resolution, sailing under Captain James Cook, became the first vessel to cross the Antarctic Circle.
January 18, 1948: Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots.
January 19, 1783: William Pitt becomes the youngest Prime Minister of England at age 24.
January 20, 1908: The Sullivan Ordinance bars women from smoking in public facilities in the United States.
Adapted from part of an earlier novel, The Little White Bird, and a stage play, Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up, Peter Pan is both an exciting adventure and an exploration of growing up. Peter and the lost boys are chiefly based on the boys of the Lewelyn Davies family, whom J.M. Barrie knew well and eventually unofficially adopted.
In the book, Peter invites Wendy to come to Neverland to be mother to his lost boys. She and her brothers fly with Peter to an island populated by pirates (including, of course, Peter’s sworn enemy Captain Hook), a crocodile with a taste for human flesh, Tiger Lily, and Tinkerbell, the irritable fairy who is a rival with Wendy for Peter’s affections. This is seen much more clearly in the book than any of the film adaptations. Peter isn’t interested at all: that sort of thing is for grown-ups, like caring and responsibility.
The delight of the book lies in the magical adventures, flying above the trees, and the fights with Captain Hook. And behind it all is the never-stopping, ever-present tick of the crocodile’s clock. Written around a century ago, the story is not as politically correct as we might like in the 21st century. Yet Barrie’s understanding of children, their fears, their hopes and how their imaginations work allowed him in this story to capture the innocence of childhood and the magical world of a child’s imagination. Adults can read the symbolic sub-text that underlies Peter’s desire to remain in the enchanted realm of Neverland, but for children it is simply a ripping good story.
The Secret Garden
When Mary Lennox’s parents die of cholera, the lonely, sickly child, who has been spoiled by the servants but neglected by her parents, is sent to England to live at her Uncle Archibald’s house. She finds the bleak Yorkshire moors in winter a very different place to India. Used to her orders being obeyed, Mary is astonished by servants who answer back. However, she is soon intrigued by the tales that the maid Martha tells her of her life at home in a large, poor family, especially about her brother, Dickon, and his animals.
When Martha tells her about the garden that was locked ten years ago by her absent uncle after his wife’s death there, Mary determines to find it and the key. As spring approaches and she spends more time skipping in the gardens and talking to the elderly gardener Ben Wealtherstaff, she begins to become a happier, nicer and healthier child. When her uncle comes home briefly, she asks him if she may have a bit of earth to care for; it marks a turning point for both of them.
Written at a time when middle-class children were expected to behave as miniature adults, this magical story is an exaltation of the beauty of nature and its beneficial effects on the human spirit, the need for human companionship and for children to be allowed to be children. The author has captured in prose the beauty of the Yorkshire moors in springtime so completely that the reader can almost smell the flowers.
Source: 501 Must-Read Books
As a member of the infamous Trinity of Sin, mystery surrounds the enigmatic character known as Pandora.
Although her past remains shrouded in secret, some details are known. While mortal, Pandora opened a secret box and released the terrors of man into the world. For these crimes, the Circle of Eternity sentenced her and her fellow sinners – the Question and the Phantom Stranger – to eternal punishments specific to their crimes and vices. For Pandora, she was to spend eternity alone and in pain, forever watching the effects her choices have brought onto the world.
Now, after countless centuries serving her sentence, Pandora may have found a way to break her curse – and she will do whatever it takes to do so.
In the present day DC Universe, Pandora comes across a dead body which she begins to investigate, until the Phantom Stranger interrupts her. Phantom Stranger reveals that he is aware of what Pandora has done to the universe, and while she thinks she may have strengthened it, he tells her she has only cursed it, as she once did before. He continues to state that a group called the Circle of Eternity had made it clear that people like them were cursed to watch the world that they've sown, never getting involved, but Pandora remains defiant, dismissing the Stranger's warning believing the Circle to had been destroyed. Stranger informs her that someone from the Circle who he refers to as "The Third Sinner" is still walking the world, but unlike her, does not interfere with the human world.
Assuming she's in possession of the box, Stranger attempts to take it away from her, leading her to attack, and shoot him in the head, knowing full well that she can't kill him, only cause him pain. Pandora leaves, telling Stranger that she will find and imprison someone called "The Strange," as it will free her of her curse, and she will recieve help from the Justice League, whether they like it or not.
Attractive female, cosmic awareness, immortal, invisibility, longevity, magic, marksmanship, omni-lingual, reality manpulation, swordsmanship, time manipulation, unarmed combat, weapon master.
Flashpoint #5 (2011)
First Appearance New 52:
Justice league #1 (2011)
Republic of Colombia
This flag, like those of Colombia’s neighbours, Ecuador and Venezuela, is based on that flown by the armies of Simon Bolivar during his rebellion against Spanish rule. The flag was originally used by Bolivar’s predecessor, Francisco de Miranda, in his fight against Spanish rule in 1806. The flag continued to be used by Colombia even after Ecuador and Venezuela finally broke away from what was then Gran Colombia in 1830. Today, the colours are said to represent the following: yellow or gold, for Colombia’s natural riches; blue, for the sky and seas surrounding Colombia; and red, for the blood shed by the freedom fighters during the struggle for independence from Spain.
1. What is Crazy Eyes' real name?
2. Who does Mendez fall in love with?
3. What sort of insect infestation does Litchfield have?
4. Why does Piper hate June 7th?
5. What's the name of the criminal whose actions led to Piper's and Alex's incarceration?
6. Where does María Ruiz trace her heritage to?
7. What was the name of Big Boo's dog?
8. Which inmate converts to Judaism to be able to eat kosher?
9. What's the name of Lorna Morello's husband?
10. When they transfer Piper, what state is the new prison they move her to in?
11. What languages does Poussey speak?
12. In which season does Pennsatucky have new teeth?
13. Who ran over Vee?
14. Why is Burset in prison?
15. In a flashback in season 2 which inmate do we find out was a victim of domestic violence?
Last week’s answers:
3. Great Barrier Reef
4. 150 years
5. Blue tang
6. P. Sherman, 42 Wallabay Way, Sydney
7. Anchor, Bruce and Chum
8. Ellen Degeneres
11. Shark bait
14. Twinkle Twinkle Little Star
15. A stingray
Former centre of French government and royal residence, now a national landmark, Versailles is an excellent example of the 18th century French art and architecture. It has been on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites for 30 years. Located in the city of Versailles the palace is one of the France’s must-visit landmarks.
In the mid-17th century, Louis XIV decided to transform his father’s hunting lodge into the grand Château de Versailles surrounded by stylised English and French gardens. The palace reflects the absolute power of the French monarchy which was then at the height of its glory. It was the political capital and the seat of the royal court of the kingdom during the reigns of Louis XIV (France’s famed “Sun King”), Louis XV and Louis XVI up until 1789 when revolutionaries massacred the palace guard. However, in the 19th century it attained a new role as the Museum for the history of France, founded by the behest of Louis-Philippe.
An elaborate gold leaf gate, the Royal Gate, unveiled in 2008, separates the Royal Court from the Court of Honour at the location where the statue of Louis XIV once stood. The Royal Gate recreated the original gate, which was designed by Mansart, destroyed during the French Revolution. Named after its distinctive black and white marble tiles, beyond the Royal Court is the Marble court.
The apartments of the key members of royal family were located on the ground floor of the central building. The dauphin, the dauphine, and the daughters of Louis XV, the private apartments of the queen, Marie-Antoinette, and the living quarters of the captain of the guard are also found on the ground floor. The lavish apartments of the king and queen are located on the first floor. This floor houses numerous salons for entertaining the members of court and guests. Named for its distinctive oval window, the Bull’s-Eye Salon, was the room where courtiers used to wait until the king rose. It leads to the bedroom in which Louis XIV died and that Louis XV occupied from 1722 to 1738.
Hall of Mirrors, designed by Hardouin-Mansart, is the most eye-catching and famous room of the Palace Versailles. Extended to 230 feet, the Hall of Mirrors comprises of 17 arched windows embellished with wide arcaded mirrors. Glass chandeliers adorn the arched, ornately painted ceiling, upon which Le Brun depicted a series of 30 scenes glorifying the early years of the reign of Louis XIV. The Hall of Mirrors is flanked on its north side by the Salon of War, and on its south side by a Salon of Peace.