Editor-in-Chief & Publisher: MIR JAVED RAHMAN


Major Leaguer
David Koch


Issue Date 15 - 21 July, 2017 at 2:00 PM

David Koch

David Hamilton Koch is an American businessman and a co-owner of Koch Industries, a conglomerate that is the second-largest privately held company in the United States. He graduated as a chemical engineer from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1962 and then obtained his Master’s degree a year later. After completing his education, he worked for several engineering consulting firms including the Amicon Corporation, Halco International, and the Scientific Design Company. He then joined the family business, Koch Industries that his father, Fred Koch, founded in 1940. Initially, Charles Koch, his elder brother, was heading the company and David worked as a technical-services manager under him. Eventually, David found his company’s New York office and became the president of his own division, Koch Engineering, renamed Chemical Technology Group. The Koch family is one of the wealthiest clan in the United States. He is also a very generous philanthropist and has donated millions to medical research causes and institutions including $100 million to MIT for the construction of a new facility.
Listed as one of the world's top 50 philanthropists by the Chronicle of Philanthropy, David serves on the boards of more than 20 non-profit corporations including the National Cancer Advisory Board of the National Cancer Institute, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas, Rockefeller University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Aspen Institute, among others.
He received the prestigious Corporate Citizenship Award from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in 2004. He was also honoured with the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center's Excellence in Corporate Leadership award in 2005 and Americans for Prosperity Foundation’s George Washington Award for Principled Leadership in 2007.


Col de l'Iseran

Ancient Routes
Col de l'Iseran

At an elevation of 2,764m above the sea level, Col de l'Iseran is the highest paved mountain pass in the Alps and one of the highest mountain roads of Europe. Situated in the department of Savoie in France near the border with Italy, the road is included in the touristic Route des Grandes Alpes and links the valley of the Isère and the valley of the Arc River between Val-d'Isère in the north and Bonneval-sur-Arc in the south. The north side of the pass road includes several galleries and tunnels. The route forms part of the famous series of cols linking the Northern Alps to the Cote d'Azur.
The road took 34 years to complete and was opened in 1937, finally joining the Maurienne and Iseran valley systems for the first time in history.
Col de L’lseran is part a popular tourist attraction and is home to the popular ski resorts for those interested in making a stop and hitting the slopes. Travelers can look forward to the breathtaking views of the Isere Valley on the way up and enjoy the picturesque journey through Bonneval sur Arc on the way down. Bourg Saint Maurice, Lanslebourg – Mont Cenis and Bonneval sur Arc are 3 routes that can be taken to reach this pass and it is only accessible by road during June through mid-October.


WEEK IN HISTORY

15 July, 2002: Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan issued the death sentence of British born, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh for murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.

WEEK IN HISTORY


16 July, 1661:
The first banknotes in Europe were issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.

17 July, 1918: In the Russian town of Ekaterinburg in Siberia, former Czar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and their five children were brutally murdered by Bolsheviks.

18 July, 1900: Nadia Comaneci became the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

19 July, 1848: First US women's rights convention was held in Seneca Falls New York, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.

20 July, 1969: Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon.

21 July, 1960: Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the first woman prime minister of Ceylon.


Linderhof Palace

Vantage Point
Linderhof Palace

Located in southwest Bavaria near Ettal Abbey in Germany, Linderhof Palace and park is one of the most artistic and stylistically complex ensembles of the 19th century. Influenced by French architecture and modelled on the small summer palaces, Linderhof is about 13km west of Oberammergau and 26km northwest of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. The palace hugs a steep hillside in a fantasy landscape of French gardens, fountains and follies.
The palace was Ludwig II’s smallest but most sumptuous palace. Finished in 1878, it was the only palace the King lived to see fully completed during his life. It was used as a retreat and the King hardly ever received visitors here. Linderhof was inspired by Versailles and dedicated to Louis XIV, the French ‘sun king’.
The private bedroom is the largest, heavily ornamented and anchored by an enormous 108-candle crystal chandelier weighing 500kg. An artificial waterfall, built to cool the room in summer, cascades just outside the window. The dining room reflects the king’s fetish for privacy and inventions.
The Palace Park was designed by Carl von Effner and completed from 1870 to 1880. Surrounding the palace are imitation baroque gardens and terraces and cascades in the Italian Renaissance style. The highlight is the oriental-style Moorish Kiosk, where Ludwig, dressed in oriental garb, would preside over nightly entertainment from a peacock throne. Underwater light dances on the stalactites at the Venus Grotto, an artificial cave inspired by a stage set for Wagner’s Tannhäuser. Now sadly empty, Ludwig’s fantastic conch-shaped boat is moored by the shore.

Linderhof Palace

Northern Lights

Timeless Classics
Northern Lights

Northern Lights is set in a parallel universe, with different technology and natural laws, where everyone is closely accompanied by a daemon, a manifestation of their soul, and the world is ruled by a strict church. This is the first in Pullman’s His Dark Materials trilogy. Lyra Belacqua is arebellious young girl who lives at Jordan College, Oxford. One evening, hidden in a wardrobe, she spies on her uncle, Loard Asriel, as he displays photographs of a mysterious substance called ‘Dust’ to the college’s scholars.
Rumours abound among the children that a group of evil people called Gobblers is kidnapping children. When Lyra’s friend Roger is taken by a woman with a golden monkey daemon, she decides to rescue him, but is persuaded by Mrs Coulter who has a golden monkey daemon to move in with her. Before she goes, the Master gives Lyra an alethiometer, a device that aids decision making. Lyra’s discovery that Mrs Coulter is the leader of the General Oblation Board of the church (the children’s Gobblers) who are taking the kidnapped children to the far north leads her to escape and she meets up with her friends the Gyptians. They have also been losing children and agree with her to head north. But why is Mrs Coulter kidnapping children? The horrifying truth is revealed to Lyra in the course of her quest.
This exciting, and spellbinding story for older children has been seen as an attack on Christianity, but it is in fact a condemnation of dogma and the way it can lead people to do terrible things in the name of their religion. Lyra, unsure who she can trust, and betrayed by those who should lover her the most, must not only save Roger and rescue Lord Asriel, but make decisions on which the fate of the universe rests.


Gabon

FLAG
Gabon

Once a part of France’s African empire, Gabon gained its independence in 1960. However, the influence of the French tricolour can be seen in the design of its flag, which is a horizontal tricolour of green, yellow and blue, a combination of the French and Pan-African colours of African unity. The green represents the country’s rainforests and the lumber industry, the source of much of the nation’s wealth; the yellow represents the sun; and the blue stands for the sea. A former design, dropped just before independence, had a narrower yellow band and a French tricolour in the canton.


World War I

QUIZ
World War I

1. Whose assassination on 28 June 1914 sparked the war?
2. Which were the first two countries to declare war?
3. Which battle does Anzac Day specifically commemorate?
4. In which year did the battle of Verdun start?
5. During which years did the Attrition warfare take place?
6. When did the United States declare war on Germany?
7. Who won the WWI? 
8. When was the Armistice between Germany and France signed?
9. Where was the treaty between France and Germany signed?
10 Which three European countries signed an alliance called the Triple Entente?

Last week’s answers:
1. 1090
2. 269
3. Spain
4. Thomas Wilson
5. 72
6. 5,949
7. Dr Emanuel Lasker
8. 1125
9. Vishwanathan Anand
10. Alan Turing





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