Indra Nooyi is an Indian-born American businesswoman who was instrumental in the lucrative restructuring and diversification of soft-drink manufacturer PepsiCo, Inc.’s brands. Nooyi has risen to become one of the top female executives in the world from a modest beginning.
Nooyi received her bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Madras Christian College in 1976 and a master’s degree in business administration from the Indian Institute of Management in Calcutta in 1978. She then received an additional master’s degree in public and private management from the Yale School of Management in 1980. After working as a consultant for the Boston Consulting Group for six years, she held executive positions at Motorola, Inc., and the engineering firm Asea Brown Boveri (now ABB).
Nooyi joined PepsiCo as senior vice president of corporate strategy and development in 1994. In 2001 she was named president and chief financial officer of the company. She then assumed the title of CEO in October 2006 and became chairman of the board next year. Nooyi was the first woman to lead the soft-drink and snack-food giant and one of only 11 female chief executives of Fortune 500 companies.
Nooyi also serves as a member of the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum, International Rescue Committee, Catalyst, and the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. She was honored with the Padma Bhushan by the President of India in 2007 and was named CEO of the Year by Global Supply Chain Leaders Group in 2009.
20 August, 1991: After an attempted coup in the Soviet Union, Estonia declared independence from the USSR.
21 August, 2000: Tiger Woods became the first golfer since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win 3 majors in a calendar year. He tied the to-par record for the PGA (-18) with Bob May, and won in a playoff.
22 August, 1962: The world’s first nuclear-powered passenger-cargo ship, NS Savannah, completed its maiden voyage from Yorktown, Virginia to Savannah, Georgia.
23 August, 1850: First US National Women's Rights Convention convened in Worcester, Massachusetts.
24 August, 1945: Thousands of Protestant Huguenots were massacred in Paris and throughout France by Catholics, in what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.
25 August, 1991: The Croatian War of Independence broke out: Battle of Vukovar began, an 87-day siege of a Croatian city by the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces.
In 1985, with her book The Sole Spokesman, Ayesha Jalal became one of the first Pakistani scholars and historians to construct an academically sound and largely objective study of the founder of Pakistan. In her book, Jalal eschewed every image of Quaid-e-Azam invented between 1947 and the late 1980s, and presented him as the man he really was.
The author uses numerous references and sources to bring to light a man who was highly intelligent, pragmatic, and extremely focused, but one who was vehemently opposed by the Indian nationalists. The book also highlights Quaid-e-Azam’s vulnerabilities as well as a man who could also often become melancholic in his outlook.
There are at least 7,102 known languages alive in the world today. 23 of these languages are a mother tongue for more than 50 million people. These languages make up the native tongue of 4.1 billion people. This chart represents each of these languages and provides the number of native speakers (in millions).
Note: The areas represented conform to the data provided by “Ethnologue-Languages of the World.” These estimates are not absolute because the demography is constantly evolving.
Last week’s answers:
5. Malik Ghulam Muhammad
7. Ahmed Ghulam Ali Chagla
8. Ra’ana Liaquat Ali Khan
9. Amiruddin Kidwai