Editor-in-Chief & Publisher: MIR JAVED RAHMAN


Major Leaguer
Nikola Tesla


Issue Date 22 - 28 Apr, 2017 at 2:00 PM

Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla discovered the rotating magnetic field, which is the basis of most alternating current machinery. He also contributed to the development of the alternating current electrical system that is widely used today.
Tesla's interest in electrical invention was spurred by his mother, Djuka Mandic, who invented small household appliances in her spare time while her son was growing up. After completing his education, Tesla moved to Budapest, where for a time he worked at the Central Telephone Exchange.
In 1884 Tesla arrived the United States with a letter of introduction to Thomas Edison, who hired Tesla. The two worked tirelessly alongside each other to improve Edison's inventions. However, the two parted ways after a few months due to a conflicting business-scientific relationship.
His luck changed in 1887, when he was able to find interest in his AC electrical system and funding for his new Tesla Electric Company. Setting straight to work, by the end of the year, Tesla had successfully filed several patents for AC-based inventions. Tesla continued his work and patented several more inventions during this period, including the "Tesla coil," which laid the foundation for wireless technologies and is still used in radio technology today.
Tesla also discovered, designed and developed ideas for a number of other important inventions – most of which were officially patented by other inventors – including dynamos (electrical generators similar to batteries) and the induction motor. He was also a pioneer in the discovery of radar technology, X-ray technology, remote control and the rotating magnetic field – the basis of most AC machinery. After suffering a nervous breakdown, Tesla eventually returned to work, primarily as a consultant. But as time went on, his ideas became progressively more outlandish and impractical. Nikola Tesla died on January 7, 1943, at the age of 86, in New York City, where he had lived for nearly 60 years. But the legacy of the work he left behind him lives on to this day.


Oberalp Pass

Ancient Routes
Oberalp Pass

Situated at an elevation of 2,044 m (6,706 ft) above the sea level, the Oberalp Pass is located in the Swiss Alps. The 2044-metre altitude pass links Disentis/Muster in Canton Graubünden with Andermatt in Canton Uri. It is the highest point on the route of the Glacier Express.
The famous and well known village Andermatt is the starting point of the road. That was the place in the James Bond movie Goldfinger, where Bond did stop at a gas station after he had killed the ladies tires on her cabrio. This gas station is still there in the same outfit. From here you can either ride towards Furka pass, the Gotthard pass uphill, or through the Devil's Canyon down the Gotthard road towards Wassen and then take a left up the Susten pass.
A small trading path was mainly used by local people for many hundreds of years. It wasn’t until the 19th century that the Oberalp pass gained importance – when it was used to transport tourists on horseback. The horse-drawn postal coach also brought tourists over the pass road. In 1921 the coaches were replaced by post buses. In 1926 the steam-cog Furka-Oberalp-Railway began operating. The route was electrified in 1942 and steam trains were no longer used. The road in summer and the railway in winter are vital for tourism in the Urseren Valley and Surselva. 
In the lower section the Oberalp Pass starts directly with serpentines, constantly accompanied by the Furka Oberalp railway. In the upper part section with lots of very sharp serpentines, the road stretches out after a few miles and follows the valley down towards Chur.

WEEK IN HISTORY

22 April, 1976: Barbara Walters became the first female nightly news anchor on network television.

WEEK IN HISTORY

23 April, 1968: 1st decimal coins were issued in Britain (5 & 10 new pence, replacing shilling and two-shilling pieces).

24 April, 1800: The Library of Congress was established in Washington, D.C. It is America's oldest federal cultural institution and the world's largest library.

25 April, 1982: Bell labs announced the 1st solar battery made from silicon. It has about 6% efficiency.

26 April, 1994: Multiracial elections were held for the first time in the history of South Africa. With approximately 18 million blacks voting, Nelson Mandela was elected president and F.W. de Klerk vice president.

27 April, 1865: On the Mississippi River, the worst steamship disaster in U.S. history occurred as an explosion aboard the Sultana killed nearly 2,000 passengers, mostly Union solders who had been prisoners of war and were returning home.

28 April, 1920: Azerbaijan joins the Soviet Union.


Sphinx

Vantage Point
Sphinx

Located next to the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt, Great Sphinx is a colossal stone statue. Carved out of limestone, the Sphinx has the facial features of a man and the body of a recumbent lion. The greatest monumental sculpture in the ancient world, the statue is carved out of a single ridge of stone and is approximately 240 feet long and 66 feet high.
The Sphinx was built in about 2530 BC by the pharaoh Khafre, the builder and occupant of the second Giza pyramid. The sphinx's face is a portrait of the king and the sphinx continued to be a royal portrait type through most of Egyptian history. The Sphinx is thought to be primarily a guardian figure, protecting the tomb of the Khafre by warding off evil spirits.
Known in Arabic as Abu al-Hol (Father of Terror), this sculpture of a man with the haunches of a lion was dubbed the Sphinx by the ancient. The winged sphinx of Boeotian Thebes, the most famous in legend, was said to have terrorised the people by demanding the answer to a riddle taught her by the Muses—What is it that has one voice and yet becomes four-footed and two-footed and three-footed?—and devouring a man each time the riddle was answered incorrectly. Eventually Oedipus gave the proper answer: man, who crawls on all fours in infancy, walks on two feet when grown, and leans on a staff in old age. The sphinx thereupon killed herself. From this tale apparently grew the legend that the sphinx was omniscient, and even today the wisdom of the sphinx is proverbial.
The Sphinx's face was damaged during French occupation around 1800, when Mameluke troops used it for target practice for their field cannons, but its body has been weathered by the elements for thousands of years.


Out of the silent Planet

Timeless Classics
Out of the silent Planet

Dr. Elwin Ranson, a Cambridge philologist, is on a walking tour of England when by chance he knocks on the door of an old (and unpopular) ex-schoolfellow’s cottage. He is drugged and kidnapped by the man, Devine, and his accomplice, Professor Weston, who has discovered the secret of space flight.
They set off for Mars in Weston’s rocket, and during the journey Ransom wakes to hear that he is to be offered to the inhabitants, the sorns, as a sacrifice. He manages to escape and encounters Hyoi, one of the otterlike hrossa, who take him in. He learns that they are one of three intelligent species on the planet, which they call Malacandra: the hrossa, the pfifltriggi and the seroni (sorns), who cooperate peacefully under the guidance of the ethereal Oyarsa.
After Hyoi is killed by Weston and Devine, it is decided that Ransom should go to the Oyarsa. Like much of Lewis’ work, believe is a major theme. The Oyarsa is similar to an archangel, and explains to Ransom that each of the inhabited planets in the solar system has its own Oyarsa, but the one who governed the Earth went to the bad and that is what has caused all the evil on the planet. The Malacandrans know it as the silent Planet, and allow such evil people as Weston and Devine to exist. Lewis’ main theme is the difference between good and evil, but unlike the other two books in the series, it never gets preachy. The descriptions of the Malacandrans and their planet are beautifully written, and despite some long philosophical discussions, the story is well-paced and enthralling.


Republic of Ecuador

FLAG
Republic of Ecuador

Like the flags of Colombia and Venezuela, that of Ecuador is based on the flag of Francisco de Miranda and Simon Bolivar, whose independence movement was responsible for liberating South American from the rule of imperial Spain. Ecuador was united with Colombia and Venezuela in Gran Colombia in 1822, but Ecuador left the federation eight years later. It was ultimately decided that the same colours as the Colombian flag should be retained. The addition of the arms to the centre of the basic civil flag gives the state flag. The arms depict a scene with Mount Chimborazo, the highest mountain in the country, in the background, and a ship on a river in the foreground, symbolizing trade. A yellow sun of independence is surrounded by four zodiac signs representing the months March-June of 1845, when Ecuador successfully defended its independence. A South American condor above symbolizes freedom, while an axe and fasces below represent the authority of the republic.


Golf

QUIZ
Golf

1. Where is the world’s longest golf course located?
2. How many holes does a typical Golf course consists of?
3. What do you call 3 shots under par on a hole?
4. What do you call 3 shots over par on a hole?
5. Where is the world’s highest golf course located?
6. How many dimples are there on an ideal gold ball?
7. Who was the first and only female golfer to make the cut at a PGA tour event?
8. Who played golf on the moon?
9. How wide are golf holes?
10. When and where was the world’s first ever golf tournament for women held?

Last week’s answers:
1. Enzo Ferrari
2. F40
3. The Prancing Horse
4. Michael Schumacher
5. Maranello, Italy
6. California
7. 365 P Speciale
8. Nine
9. 1947
10. Ferrari 125S





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