Robin Li is the Co-Founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Internet search leader Baidu. After receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in information management from Peking University in 1991, and a Master of Science degree in computer science from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1994, he worked as a Senior Consultant at a subsidiary of Dow Jones and designed the real-time financial information system for the online edition of the Wall Street Journal. In 1999, Robin received a US patent for a system of hyperlink analysis, one of the inventions that has helped shape search technology. He then joined InfoSeek as a Senior Engineer.
Robin cofounded Baidu in January 2000 and has led the company to make it China’s largest search engine, with over 70% market share. Baidu is not only the largest Chinese search engine globally but also the second largest independent search engine in the world. In 2005, Baidu became a NASDAQ-listed public company and the first Chinese company to be included in the NASDAQ-100 Index in 2007. The same year, The Financial Times listed Baidu as one of the Top 10 Chinese Global Brands, with Baidu being the youngest company as well as the only Internet company in the list.
Being the pioneers and leading figures in China’s Internet industry, Robin’s achievements are widely recognised. In 2013, Robin became a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and currently acts as Vice Chairman of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce and Vice Chairman of the Internet Society of China (ISC). Moreover, Robin is a ‘1000 Talent’ National Distinguished Expert and has received honours including ‘CCTV Key Figure in China’s Economy,’ ‘The Top 30 Figures in China’s 30 Years of Reform,’ ‘Ten IT Leaders,’ along with others. Robin also topped Forbes’ list of ‘2012 China’s Best CEOs’ and was listed in the list of World’s Most Powerful People three years in a row.
27 August, 2008: Barack Obama became the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States.
28 August, 1963: The Evergreen Point Bridge, the longest floating bridge in the world, opened between Seattle and Medina, Washington, US.
29 August, 2005: Hurricane Katrina made its second landfall as a category 3 hurricane devastating much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to Florida Panhandle. It killed more than 1,836 people and caused over $115 billion in damage.
30 August, 1981: President Mohammad Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar of Iran were assassinated in a bombing committed by the People's Mujahedin of Iran.
31 August, 1997: Diana, Princess of Wales, died in a Paris car crash along with her companion Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul while fleeing paparazzi.
01 September, 1897: The Tremont Street Subway in Boston opened, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
Gibraltar was one of the ancient Pillars of Hercules which delimited the known world to Europeans. It was ceded to Britain by Spain after the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 and, while largely self-governing, remains the last British colony on mainland Europe. Consequently, the official flag is the Union Jack, although the white and red flag has been in use unofficially by citizens there since 1966. It is based on the city arms presented to Gibraltar in 1502 by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, and features two unequal horizontal bands of white over red. On the white is a three-turretted castle from which hangs a key, symbolizing Gibraltar’s strategic importance as the gateway to the Mediterranean.
Defined as meaningless speech or writing, Jabberwocky was the title of a nonsense poem written by Lewis Carroll included in his 1871 novel Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There.
Munchkin is defined as a person who is notably small and often endearing and in most cases refers to a small child. The characters called the Munchkins were introduced in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) by L. Frank Baum. The association of munchkins with small stature was reinforced by the use of little people to portray them in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.
The verb grok means to comprehend or understand something intuitively. It first appeared in Robert Heinlein's 1961 novel Stranger in a Strange Land. The word is borrowed from the Martian language on which Smith was raised. Early expanded use of grok in computer programming culture is credited with endowing the word with the meaning it has today.
Pollyanna is defined as a person characterised by irrepressible optimism and a tendency to find good in everything. The name Pollyanna is also the title character of a 1913 children's novel by Eleanor Hodgman Porter. Although Pollyanna was a well-liked character and Porter's book a best-seller, the association of Pollyanna with optimism took a cynical cultural turn, and eventually the name came to refer to one whose excessive cheerfulness is regarded as naïve or even deluded.
Newspeak is defined as propagandistic language marked by euphemism, circumlocution, and the inversion of customary meanings. In George Orwell's anti-utopian novel 1984, newspeak refers to the language carefully employed by minions of the authoritarian character known as Big Brother. Designed, in Orwell's words, "to diminish the range of thought," newspeak is characterized by the elimination or alteration of certain words, the substitution of one word for another, and the interruption of logic that can cause a word to be interpreted to mean its opposite, usually for the sake of political or corporate messaging.
Madeleine is defined as a small rich shell-shaped cake and one that evokes a memory, but it was the appearance of the cake in a novel that gave us the second sense of the word. In the first volume of Marcel Proust's seven-part novel Remembrance of Things Past, the narrator experiences a rush of nostalgia after tasting a madeleine dipped in tea, a snack he remembers being given by his aunt when he was a child.
Coined by Sir Thomas More, this word was first used as the name for More’s fictional island in his 1516 book, Utopia. In this book, which More wrote in Latin, he outlines the ideal society, though his suggestions are to be taken with a pinch of salt. The word “utopia” has since become used to describe any ideal world. The word is from the Greek u-topos meaning ‘no place.’
The word comes from a 1950 book by Dr Seuss, If I Ran the Zoo. In the poem, a nerd is one of the imaginary animals the narrator claims he will collect for his zoo. As a rough translation for ‘geek,’ the word entered popular use by the end of the 1950s.
The word comes from a comic love poem dating from the 14th century and written in Latin. The poem, Pamphilus; or, Concerning Love, somehow became associated with unbound booklets. The name Pamphilus is actually from the Greek meaning “friend of everyone” or “lover of all.”
This one is from ancient Greece, and the work of Homer, specifically, The Odyssey. Odysseus took 10 years to get home from the Trojan Wars, because of many mishaps and digressions. In Odysseus’ absence, the character of Mentor advised Telemachus, Odysseus’ son – hence the modern connotation of the word of ‘mentor’ as ‘adviser.’