26 September, 1959 – Typhoon Vera hits Japan

The category five typhoon is thought to be the strongest typhoon to impact the country in history. The resulting landslides and damage caused about 5000 deaths in Japan.

27 September, 1937 – The Bali tiger goes extinct

Native to the Indonesian island of Bali, the Bali tiger was made extinct due to human activities and hunting. On this day, the last known adult tiger was shot dead.

28 September, 1980 – Carl Sagan’s Cosmos: A Personal Voyage make its debut

The widely popular 13-episode science television documentary series was broadcast and presented by astronomer Carl Sagan. It remains one of the most watched science-based TV documentaries.

29 September, 1994 – Sinking of MS Estonia

MS Estonia, a passenger and car ferry, sank in the Baltic Sea killing more than 800 passengers. It is considered to be the worst maritime peace-time disaster of the 20th century.

30 September, 1960 – Premier of The Flintstones

The animated series The Flintstones premiered on TV. It was set in the stone age and detailed the lives of the Flintstone and Rubble families. It ran for six years until April, 1966.

01 October, 1957 – Thalidomide launched

Thalidomide, an anti-nausea drug and sleep-aid, was launched. It was finally withdrawn from the market after it was determined that it caused birth defects.

02 October, 1992 – Carandiru massacre

A prison riot in Carandiru Penitentiary, Brazil, led to the killing of over 100 inmates by the police.