16 January, 2005 – Adriana Iliescu gives birth at the age of 66

The Romanian university lecturer broke the record for the world's oldest birth mother.

17 January, 1946 – The UN Security Council holds its first session

The UNSC is the most powerful organ of the United Nations and it is charged with upholding international peace and security.

18 January, 1886 – Modern hockey is born

The foundation of The Hockey Association in England formalised a modern version of the game that had already been played in ancient times.

19 January, 1829 – Goethe's Faust (Part 1) is premiered

The work is considered one of the greatest works of German literature.

20 January, 1934 – Fujifilm is founded

The Japanese photography and electronics company soon became a global player in its field.

21 January, 1911 – 23 cars take part in the first Rally Monte Carlo

Unlike today, the competitors set out from 11 different European locations, heading for the finish line in Monte Carlo.

22 January, 1943 – World record for fastest temperature change

The fastest temperature change recorded in history occurred on this day in Spearfish, South Dakota. The temperature increased from (?20°C) to (+7°C) in the span of two minutes.