27 March, 1871 – England and Scotland compete in the first international rugby match

Like association football, rugby is a British invention. Today, it is a popular sport mainly in large parts of the British Commonwealth.

28 March, 1963 – Alfred Hitchcock's movie The Birds is released

The film about a swarm of birds wreaking havoc in Bodega Bay, California has become a classic of the horror movie genre.

29 March, 1912 – Robert Scott makes his final diary entry

Scott wrote: “We shall stick it out to the end, but we are getting weaker, of course, and the end cannot be far.” The British explorer and his companions died on an expedition to the South Pole.

30 March, 1976 – Thousands of Palestinians protest against Israel's massive land expropriation

In the event, which is annually commemorated on Land Day, six protesters were killed and scores injured by Israeli police.

31 March, 1889 – The Eiffel Tower is opened

French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel unfurled a French flag from the top of the tower, which has since become the most iconic landmark of Paris.

01 April, 1976 – Apple Inc. is founded

The computer company, which has evolved into a multinational corporation and whose best-known product is the iPhone was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. In 2012, the company's global revenue amounted to $156 billion.

02 April, 1792 – The U.S. dollar is introduced

The Mint Act of 1792 established the Dollar as U.S. currency. About two-thirds of global trade today is based on the U.S. Dollar.