April, 1961 – The trial of Adolf Eichmann began

The ex-Nazi was one of the main organisers of the Holocaust, in which millions of people were slaughtered. He was hanged for war crimes in 1962.

April , 1988 – The Last Emperor received nine Academy awards

Bernardo Bertolucci's biopic about Puyi, who was the last Emperor of China, was the first film to be awarded all the Oscars it was nominated for.

April, 1997 – Tiger Woods became the youngest ever golfer to win the Masters Tournament

The then, 21-year old sportsman was also the first person of African heritage to win a major golf title. Tiger Woods is considered as one of the most successful golfers of all time.

April, 1912 – Doomed passenger liner RMS Titanic hits an iceberg in the North Atlantic

The subsequent sinking of the world's largest ocean liner of the time resulted in more than 1500 deaths. It was one of the worst peacetime maritime disasters in history.

April, 1935 – The Eastman Kodak company launched Kodachrome

The photographic film was one of the most popular media used by professional and hobby photographers around the world. The product was discontinued in 2009 because of the advent of digital photography.

April, 1912 – Harriet Quimby flied across the English Channel

The U.S. aviator was the first woman who achieved this feat. She died at the age of 37 when her plane crashed in Massachusetts.

April, 1521 – Martin Luther faced charges for his revolutionary religious writings

The German monk was a leading figure of the Protestant Reformation. As a result of the hearing before the Diet of Worms, he was excommunicated and declared an outlaw.