10 July, 1985 – Greenpeace ship, Rainbow Warrior, sinks

The ship was in harbour in New Zealand when it was bombed and sunk, killing Fernando Pereira, a photographer who was aboard the ship.

11 July, 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird is first published as Atticus

Harper Lee's classic and Pulitzer Prize-winning book is about racial inequality during the Great Depression era.

12 July, 1975 – São Tomé and Príncipe gains independence from Portuguese rule

The island nation was discovered and colonised by the Portuguese in the 16th century. For over 200 years, its economy was run by African slaves who cultivated sugar, coffee, and cocoa.

13 July, 1985 – Live Aid benefit concert

Held simultaneously in London and Philadelphia, the concert raised millions in benefit of those affected by famine in Ethiopia. Over a billion people tuned in around the world to watch the show.

14 July, 1965 – Mars flyby of Mariner 4

The American spacecraft became the first to take pictures of another planet and then send them back to Earth.

15 July, 1996 – MSNBC is launched

The American news television channel was created by Microsoft and General Electric's NBC unit. The first show of the channel was hosted by Jodi Applegate.

16 July, 1951 – The Catcher in the Rye is published

The book, written by J.D. Salinger is considered to be one of the top 100 works of fiction of the 20th century.